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traditional dance as a determinant of physical fitness and well-being of the elderly

Preliminary

`i

ERUDITE

JOURNAL OF MUSIC AND PERFORMING ARTS (EJMPA)

_________________________________

VOL.2, NO.1 MARCH, 2021

(EJMPA) ii

VOL.2, NO.1

ERUDITE JOURNAL OF MUSIC AND PERFORMING ARTS (EJMPA)

UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS, CHICAGO

NORTHERN ILLINOIS,

UNITED STATES

VOL.2, NO.1 MARCH, 2021

Published 2021 by:

GLOBAL ACADEMIC STARS PROMOTER {GASPRO}

NORTHERN ILLINOIS,

UNITED STATES

Copyright @ 2021 Global Academic Stars Promoter {GASPRO}

ISSN: 2864-7680

Printed by:

GLOBAL ACADEMIC STARS PROMOTER {GASPRO}

NORTHERN ILLINOIS,

UNITED STATES

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(EJMPA) iii

VOL.2, NO.1

ERUDITE JOURNAL OF MUSIC AND PERFORMING ARTS (EJMPA)

UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS, CHICAGO

NORTHERN ILLINOIS,

UNITED STATES

CALL FOR PAPERS

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VOL.2, NO.1

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(EJMPA) v

VOL.2, NO.1

Besides, manuscripts, correspondence or inquiries can be sent to:

EDITOR IN CHIEF:

JOHNSON G. DICKSON, Ph.D

DEPARTMENT OF MUSIC

UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS, CHICAGO

NORTHERN ILLINOIS,

UNITED STATES

OR

EXECUTIVE SECRETARY

GLORY G. KINGSLEY, Ph.D

DEPARTMENT OF MUSIC

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA

OAKLAND

CALIFORNIA

UNITED STATES

All through:

E-mail addresses: gasprojournals@yahoo.com, & gasproworld@yahoo.com

(EJMPA) vi

VOL.2, NO.1

ERUDITE JOURNAL OF MUSIC AND PERFORMING ARTS

EDITORIAL BOARD

EDITOR IN CHIEF

JOHNSON G. DICKSON, Ph.D

DEPARTMENT OF MUSIC

UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS, CHICAGO

NORTHERN ILLINOIS,

UNITED STATES

OR

EXECUTIVE SECRETARY

GLORY G. KINGSLEY, Ph.D

DEPARTMENT OF MUSIC

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA

OAKLAND

CALIFORNIA

A TEAM OF CONSULTING EDITORS

A. GLORY G. KINGSLEY, Ph.D

DEPARTMENT OF MUSIC

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA

OAKLAND

CALIFORNIA

B. LINUS W. YOUNG, Ph.D

DEPARTMENT OF THEATRE ARTS

UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS AT CHICAGO

NORTHERN ILLINOIS

UNITED STATES

C. FRANCIS H. WILLIAM, PhD

DEPARTMENT OF MUSIC

FACULTY OF ARTS

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, IRVINE

D. JACKSON K. VICTOR, Ph.D

DEPARTMENT OF MUSIC

FACULTY OF ARTS

(EJMPA) vii

VOL.2, NO.1

UNIVERSITY OF SHEFFIELD

SHEFFIELD, SOUTH YORKSHIRE, ENGLAND

UNITED KINGDOM

E. JOHN T. HUGE, Ph.D

DEPARTMENT OF THEATRE ARTS

WAKE FOREST UNIVERSITY,

WINSTON-SALEM

NORTH CAROLINA

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

F. GODSON M. EBENEZER, Ph.D

DEPARTMENT OF MUSIC

FACULTY OF ARTS

UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD

WELLINGTON SQUARE

OXFORD, OX1 2JD, UNITED KINGDOM

G. PATRICK L. GEORGE, PhD

DEPARTMENT OF MUSIC

FACULTY OF ARTS

HARPER ADAMS UNIVERSITY

UNITED KINGDOM

H. JOHN U. CLETUS, Ph.D

DEPARTMENT OF MUSIC

UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM

UNITED KINGDOM

I. JOSEPHINE L. THOMAS, Ph.D

DEPARTMENT OF MUSIC

UNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER

ROCHESTER

NEW YORK CITY

J. NATHANIEL K. BUSH, PhD

DEPARTMENT OF MUSIC

HERIOT-WATT UNIVERSITY

UNITED KINGDOM

(EJMPA) viii

VOL.2, NO.1

LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS

Monday I. TITUS, Ph.D

Department of Music

Faculty of Arts

University of Sheffield

Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England

United Kingdom

Pius N. NELSON, Ph.D

Department of Music

Faculty of Arts

Golden Gate University

San Francisco, CA 94105

California

The United States of America

Ime S. EKPO, Ph.D

Department of Music

University of Uyo

Uyo, Nigeria

Cletus A. JOHN, Ph.D

Department of Music

Freie Universität Berlin

Kaiserswerther STR. 16-18

14195 Berlin

Germany

Jones C. WILLIAMS, Ph.D

Department of Music

University Avenue

Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1

Canada

North America

Peters H. REIGNS, Ph.D Department of Theatre Arts

University of Rochester

Rochester

New York City

(EJMPA) ix

VOL.2, NO.1

James M. WILSON, Ph.D

Wake Forest University,

Winston-Salem

North Carolina

United States of America

David K. WILSON, Ph.D

Department of Library and Information Science

Faculty of Education

University of Rochester

Rochester, New York City

Benjamin K. Godson, Ph.D Department of Communication Studies University of Illinois at Chicago Northern Illinois,

United States

(EJMPA) x

VOL.2, NO.1

CONTENTS

EDITORIAL COMMENTS XI

Assessment of the Impact of Music on Human Brain

Monday I. TITUS, Ph.D 1

A Critical Analysis of Music Lessons and Improvement of Aging Brain

Pius N. NELSON, Ph.D 10

Strategic Assessment of Specific Methods adopted for Teaching

of Music Concepts in Efik/Ibibio Culture

Ime S. EKPO, Ph.D 22

Investigating into Music Instruction and Cognitive Development in

Young Children

Cletus A. JOHN, Ph.D 33

Music Training and Amendment of the Course of Adolescent Auditory

Development

Jones C. WILLIAMS, Ph.D 41

Traditional Dance as a Determinant of Physical Fitness and Well-Being of

the Elderly

Peters H. REIGNS, Ph.D 49

Evaluation of Intensive Music Instruction and Academic Success

James M. WILSON, Ph.D 59

Assessment of Dance and its Health Benefits

David K. WILSON, Ph.D 68

Playing Tchaikovsky's 'Nutcracker' and other Music as Determinants of

Kids Brain Improvement

Benjamin K. Godson, Ph.D 76

(EJMPA) xi

VOL.2, NO.1

EDITORIAL COMMENTS

ERUDITE JOURNAL OF MUSIC AND PERFORMING ARTS (EJMPA) is a journal designed for distinguished scholarly papers, which are for the purpose of publication and provision of a wide range of information from the academics’ and practitioners’ discussions on scholarly issues in music, theatre arts, sports and other related disciplines. We express our unalloyed appreciation to Almighty God for making this VOL. 2, NO. 1 of the journal achievable. The entire members of the Editorial Board of this Journal deeply thank all the academics who have contributed immeasurably to the success of this journal publication. Thank you.

JOHNSON G. DICKSON, Ph.D

EDITOR IN CHIEF

ABSTRACT

The study was conducted to examine how traditional dance determines physical fitness and well-being of the elderly. Participating in dance may allow the elderly to improve their physical fitness, health and well-being. Another advantage is that they can significantly improve their aerobic capacity, lower body muscle endurance, strength and flexibility, balance, agility and gait through the dancing. Regular physical activity is considered one of the most important factors for lifestyle, maintaining good health in older ages and increasing life expectancy. Dance as a musical-kinetics skill, requires the coordination of body movements with rhythmic stimuli, developing the adaptability of the movement. Elderly seem to enjoy dancing as an activity while maintaining their functionality. Probably the elderly in traditional dance cause prosperity in their lives by promoting active aging. The study revealed that traditional dance has a way of impacting on physical fitness and well-being of the elderly. Hence, the study concluded how traditional dance impact on physical fitness and well-being of the elderly, it was believed that traditional dancing could be an important and effective tool for the prevention and the fight against the health problems of the elderly. The study show that traditional dancing contributes to the well-being of the elderly with a view of independent and quality living. Maintaining their physical fitness and functional capacity at satisfactory levels, lead them to a more qualitative and independent lifestyle while the risk of various diseases is reduced. One of the recommendation was that elderly should engage in traditional dancing on a regular basis to have better balance, postural stability and flexibility.

KEYWORD: Traditional Dance, Physical Fitness, Well-Being and Elderly

Author(s) : Peters H. REIGNS, Ph.D

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