Gaspro International Journals of Eminent Scholars

        

socio-demographic determinants of antenatal care services’ utilization among childbearing women in akwa ibom state

Preliminary

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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCEMENT IN EDUCATION, MANAGEMENT, SCIENCE

AND TECHNOLOGY

_________________________________

VOL.4, NO.2 JUNE, 2021

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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCEMENT IN EDUCATION, MANAGEMENT, SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

GOLDEN GATE UNIVERSITY

536 MISSION STREET SAN FRANCISCO, CA 94105

CALIFORNIA

VOL.4, NO.2 JUNE, 2021

Published 2021 by:

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCEMENT IN EDUCATION, MANAGEMENT, SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

CALIFORNIA

Copyright @ 2021 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCEMENT IN EDUCATION, MANAGEMENT, SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

ISSN: 2788-7549

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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCEMENT IN EDUCATION, MANAGEMENT, SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

CALIFORNIA

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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCEMENT IN EDUCATION, MANAGEMENT, SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

CALIFORNIA

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GOLDEN GATE UNIVERSITY

536 MISSION STREET SAN FRANCISCO, CA 94105

CALIFORNIA

OR

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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCEMENT IN EDUCATION, MANAGEMENT, SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

EDITORIAL BOARD

EDITOR IN CHIEF:

PROF. KENNETH U. JOHN

GOLDEN GATE UNIVERSITY

536 MISSION STREET SAN FRANCISCO, CA 94105

CALIFORNIA

OTHER EDITORS

PROF. ANTHONY L. EMMANUEL

FACULTY OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT STUDIES

UNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER

ROCHESTER

NEW YORK CITY

DR. CLARK J. LION

DEPARTMENT OF VOCATIONAL STUDIES

FACULTY OF EDUCATION

UNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER

ROCHESTER

NEW YORK CITY

DR. LUCY D. KING

DEPARTMENT OF BANKING AND FINANCE

FACULTY OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

HARPER ADAMS UNIVERSITY

UNITED KINGDOM

DR. DAVID K. WILSON

DEPARTMENT OF LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE

FACULTY OF EDUCATION

UNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER

ROCHESTER

NEW YORK CITY

DR. MARY J. RAYMOND

DEPARTMENT OF VOCATIONAL STUDIES

FACULTY OF EDUCATION

HARPER ADAMS UNIVERSITY

UNITED KINGDOM

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DR. EMMANUEL D. HANSON

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY & LIBRARY SCIENCE

FACULTY OF EDUCATION

UNIVERSITY OF SHEFFIELD

SHEFFIELD, SOUTH YORKSHIRE, ENGLAND

UNITED KINGDOM

DR. JACKSON G. CLARK

DEPARTMENT OF VOCATIONAL STUDIES

FACULTY OF EDUCATION

HERIOT-WATT UNIVERSITY

UNITED KINGDOM

DR MARTIN M. JOHN

FACULTY OF EDUCATION

UNIVERSITY OF SHEFFIELD

SHEFFIELD, SOUTH YORKSHIRE, ENGLAND

UNITED KINGDOM

DR. KING S. CHARLES

DEPARTMENT OF LINGUISTICS AND COMMUNICATION STUDIES

UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS AT CHICAGO

NORTHERN ILLINOIS,

UNITED STATES

DR. DAVID K. JOHNATHAN

DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH AND LITERARY STUDIES

UNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER

ROCHESTER

NEW YORK CITY

DR. ANTHONY H. MONDAY

DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE EDUCATION

GOLDEN GATE UNIVERSITY

536 MISSION STREET SAN FRANCISCO, CA 94105

CALIFORNIA

THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

DR. MARK P. AUGUSTINE

DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTER SCIENCE

FREIE UNIVERSITÄT BERLIN

KAISERSWERTHER STR. 16-18

14195 BERLIN

GERMANY

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LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS

King K. WILLIAMS, Ph.D

Faculty of Education

University of California

Oakland, California

United States

Sakiru Abiola LAWAL, Ph.D

Department of Banking and Finance

Lagos State Polytechnic

ONUOHA, Angela Chidinma

Department of Economics

School of Arts and Social Sciences

Imo State College of Education, Ihitte Uboma;

Nonye Irene ANELE

Federal College of Education

(Technical), Umunze

AND

OKWARA, Chiukpai Anya O.

Department of Management

Faculty of Business Administration

Abia State University, Uturu

Leon K. PHILIPS, Ph.D

Department of Curriculum Studies, Educational Management and Planning

Faculty of Environment

University of Sheffield

Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England

United Kingdom

Dinah Emem DANIEL

AND

KIERIAN, Ini-odu Udo

Department of Public Administration

School of Business Management

Akwa Ibom State Polytechnic

Ikot Ekpene Local Government Area

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King W. LUKE, Ph.D

Department of Curriculum Studies

Faculty of Education

Golden Gate University

536 Mission Street San Francisco, CA 94105

California

The United States Of America

Prof. A. I. OGBALU,

Idaresit E. EKONG

AND

Roseline E. MFON

Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education

Faculty of Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University

Awka, Anambra State

Emmanuel Okon ESSIEN Ph.D

Department of Industrial Technology Education

University of Uyo, Nigeria,

Dimkpa Igwebuike EDWARD

Department of Electrical Electronics Technology

Federal College of Education (Technical) Omoku, Rivers State

AND

James Adinoyi JOSHUA

Department of Building/Woodwork Technology

School of Technical Education

College of Education (Technical) Kabba P.M.B 242 Kabba Kogi State

Daniel Etim THOMAS, ESQ

Department of Property Law

Faculty of Law

University of Nigeria

Enugu Campus

x

Commy Precious GODDYMKPA, Ph.D

Faculty of Education

University of Uyo

AND

Uduak Enobong EYO

Department of Business and Management,

Akwa Ibom State Polytechnic,

Ikot Ourua, Ikot Ekpene,

Akwa Ibom State

Patrick Sambo WILLIAMS, Ph.D

Department of Agriculture Education

University of Uyo

AND

Usen Godwin IKPE, Ph.D

Department of Curriculum Studies, Educational Management and Planning

Faculty of Education, University of Uyo, Uyo

AMAH, Kanu Ogbonnaya, Ph.D

Department of Curriculum and Instruction

Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education, Owerri,

Owerri, Imo State

AND

IWUJI, Florence Ijeoma, Ph.D

Department of Curriculum and Instruction

Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education

Owerri, Imo State

AKPAN, E. Ebenezer, Ph.D, FCICN, AP, PPGDCA, PHDCDPM

Corporate Institute of Research and Computer Science

140 Ikot Ekpene Road

Uyo, Akwa Ibom State

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CONTENTS

EDITORIAL COMMENTS XIII

Creative and Engagement Strategies in Teaching the Concept Diffusions

as a Determinant of Academic Advancement of Students in Biology in

United States of America

King K. WILLIAMS, Ph.D 1

Auditors Experience and Training as Correlates of Detection and

Prevention of Fraud in the Nigerian Commercial Banks

Sakiru Abiola LAWAL, Ph.D 17

Prevalence of Insecurity and Survival of Entrepreneurial Business in

Imo State, Nigeria

ONUOHA, Angela Chidinma;

Nonye Irene ANELE &

OKWARA, Chiukpai Anya O. 30

Virtual Simulation and Gaming Strategies on Science Students’ Academic

Achievement on the Concept of Mathematics in United Kingdom

Leon K. PHILIPS, Ph.D 41

Demographic Variables and Administrative Effectiveness of

Local Government Chairmen in Akwa Ibom State

Dinah Emem DANIEL &

KIERIAN, Ini-odu Udo 56

Assessment of CCTV and Teachers’ Effectiveness

King W. LUKE, Ph.D 64

Socio-Demographic Determinants of Antenatal Care Services’ Utilization

among Childbearing Women in Akwa Ibom State

Prof. A. I. OGBALU,

Idaresit E. EKONG &

Roseline E. MFON 74

The Challenges of Psychomotor Assessment in Industrial Technology

Education: Nigeria in Perspective

Emmanuel Okon ESSIEN Ph.D

Dimkpa Igwebuike EDWARD

James Adinoyi JOSHUA 85

xii

Institutional Framework for the Control of Companies in Nigeria: An Appraisal

Daniel Etim THOMAS, ESQ 93

The Prospects of Transformational Leadership Behaviour:

An Empirical Survey of the views of Business Educators

in Tertiary Institutions in Akwa Ibom State

Commy Precious GODDYMKPA, Ph.D &

Uduak Enobong EYO 104

Analysis of Gender Factors Influencing Skills Development by

TVET Graduate in Animal Husbandry in Akwa Ibom State

Patrick Sambo WILLIAMS, Ph.D &

Usen Godwin IKPE, Ph.D 119

The Empirical Study of the Prospects of Cloud Technology and Students

Academic Achievement in Colleges of Education in Imo State

AMAH, Kanu Ogbonnaya, Ph.D &

IWUJI, Florence Ijeoma, Ph.D 132

Appraisal of the Extent to Which Workers’ Participation in Managerial

Decisions Affects the Corporate Productivity of System Metal Industries

AKPAN, E. Ebenezer, Ph.D 147

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EDITORIAL COMMENTS

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCEMENT IN EDUCATION, MANAGEMENT, SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY is designed to provide a wide platform to create knowledge and exchange ideas on education, management, science, technology and other related fields for eminent scholars. We express our insightful gratitude to Almighty God for making publication of VOL. 4 NO. 2 of this journal possible. On behalf of the Editorial Board of the Journal, I wish to thank all the contributors for their enormous supports and contributions to this edition of the journal. Thank you.

PROF. KENNETH U. JOHN

EDITOR IN CHIEF

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the socio-demographic determinants of antenatal care services’ utilization among childbearing women in Akwa Ibom State. Three research questions and hypotheses were postulated. Cross-sectional research design was adopted. The population consisted of 51,083 childbearing women. A sample of 2544 childbearing women was drawn for the study using multi-stage sampling procedure. “Socio-Demographic Determinants of Antenatal Care Utilization Questionnaire (SDDACUQ)” was used for data collection. The SDDACUQ was validated by five experts. It was subjected to reliability test using Cronbach Alpha, and a reliability index of .96 was obtained after analysis. Data from 2538 completed copies of SDDACUQ were used for analysis. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer research questions, while ANOVA was used to test hypotheses 1 to 3. Results revealed that age (below 15 years), marital status (women separated and never married), educational status (women with tertiary education), were the socio-demographic variables that highly determine the utilization of ANC services among Akwa Ibom women. There were significant differences in the utilization of antenatal care services (ANC) by childbearing women of various age groups, marital status, and educational status of residence in Akwa Ibom State Based on findings, one of the recommendations made was that health educators should transmit adequate information on antenatal care utilization to the women having low utilization of the services, using suitable channels and settings in order to promote their health.

KEYWORDS: Antenatal care (ANC), Age status, Marital status, Educational status, and Akwa Ibom State

Author(s) : Prof. A. I. OGBALU, Idaresit E. EKONG & Roseline E. MFON

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  • Last Date for Paper Submission : 25th September, 2021
  • September Issue, 2021 Available Online
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2630 - 7200

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